Web Hosting
Web Hosting: Find Out What It Is and How It Works

In order for a site to be accessible on the internet, it must be available in one place, which in this case we call the server . A server is a computer , similar to what we use at home, but specializes in storing files and making them available for access by other computers.
Therefore, the term website hosting is related to the server that stores and makes available a particular website on the internet.
A website is a set of files that can be downloaded and read by specialized programs, called browsers or browsers. If the files that make up a site are stored on a particular server, we say that it is hosted on this server. It is possible to set up any computer to become a server and publish a website on the internet, however we will find several 
drawbacks when doing this.

That is why there are web hosting companies on the internet. These companies maintain what we call server parks or data centers. These are places that specialize in keeping hundreds or even thousands of servers running, ensuring data security and availability of full-time sites.

Web Hosting Resources

A hosting has several features, which usually vary according to the types of hosting and plans offered by each company. We will detail in this article the main features that one must analyze when hiring a hosting of sites: disk space, transfer, domains and email.

Disk space is related to the amount of space a site can use on the server and is measured in Megabytes (MB) or Gigabytes (GB). Some lodges offer specific limits while others offer unlimited hosting. The most important thing when analyzing a plan is to understand:

If the space will be sufficient to store the files of your site If the space offered also includes the email, as this tends to use a lot of space

The best web hosting sites often offer good disk space, even on cheaper plans. Stay tuned, however, as small or free web hosting companies greatly limit this feature.
It is also important to know that there is no unlimited hosting, or at least not in the sense of “infinite” as it seems. When a company offers a hosting of sites with unlimited disk space, it is informing that there is no set storage space for your site, but not that you have all the space in the world to insert files. By the way, most companies d
o not allow the client to use the hosting as a repository of files, images and other items not related to the site.

This rule applies mainly to shared hosting, which companies often refer to as hosting sites. In dedicated servers and VPS, the disk space is always defined as it is unique to each client, while in shared hosting hundreds of clients share the same resources.

 

Transfer (or traffic)

The transfer or traffic refers to the amount of data that will be transferred when a person accesses and navigates your site or when you update it. This is because each user, when accessing your site, downloads these files in your browser (ex: Chrome). When you upload images or any content on your site, you are also using this feature.

As with disk space, data transfer is sometimes unlimited . In this case, remember that nothing is infinite and that certainly there is another limitation imposed by the hosting company. One is the number of concurrent hits to your site. Small sites do not usually have problems, but if yours has increasing traffic or traffic spikes, consider hiring a more robust website hosting plan, such as Dedicated or Cloud, so your site will not air at the most important time.

 

Number of domains


TDomain is the electronic address that we use to access the sites on the Internet, such as: www.mysite.com . Hosting plans can only allow one domain, a set amount of unlimited domains or domains.

If you only have one site, you can hire a domain plan, which is usually cheaper, but if you have multiple domains, then it is worth hiring bigger plans, because in total it comes out cheaper than when contracted separately. A site hosting plan that offers the inclusion of many domains allows you to host multiple sites in a single hosting plan.

As for domains parked or pointed to the main domain, where the site is (e.g.: mysite.com redirects to mysite.com.br), it is very common to be allowed and not to count in the domain limit, but it is worth confirming.

Email Accounts

When you register a domain, you have the right to create email accounts in the domain in question. That is, if you registered the fictitious domain myfirstwebsite.com, you can create any email containing this domain, such as peter@myfirstwebsite.com.
When hiring a web hosting service, the company should offer you the necessary tools to create the email accounts that you want under the domain you will use. 
Access to new email accounts can be done through email programs such as Outlook, Thunderbird or even your smartphone. It is common that companies also offer access through a webmail, which is a program that can be accessed through the internet. The type of webmail offered varies by company, which may use a proprietary or third-party program.

Email is offered for free by most web hosting companies, but is sometimes sold as an optional item through partnerships such as Microsoft Outlook and G Suite. Having the email included in the hosting can be a great savings, especially if there are many email addresses, since the options charge per user. 

When reviewing a plan, check two items in relation to the email: number of accounts allowed and storage capacity. You need to make sure you can create the emails you need, and especially that you will have space to store your emails over time.

Servers, database and programming languages

The default language of web pages is HTML , which is a markup language . However, there are many other languages ​​that can be used on the web, including several programming languages , such as PHP and ASP .

Before hiring a hosting plan, it is important to verify that the server in question is compatible with the language you intend to use on your site. There are languages ​​that work only on Linux servers, others only on Windows servers, and some work on both. 

In addition to the server type and language, there is also the database. For example, any site that has a content manager, such as a blog, will need the availability of a database to store information. Plans usually have one or more databases available.

Control panel

Typically, the hosting company provides its clients with a control panel , accessible through the internet. Here you can manage the key features of your hosting , such as creating emails, changing passwords, setting up new domains, and creating databases.

Some control panels are very popular and used by many companies, such as cPanel , panel for management of Linux hosting , and Plesk for management of Windows and Linux hosting.